For the first time in US history, the government has executed more people than all of the 50 states, and the number of federal prisoners put to death this year - 10 - is the highest since. Raped and strangled four women in April 1984. 0:45. Dotson received six death sentences for the crime. In 1929 and from May 1964 to May 1979 there were no executions in Florida. There are 182 white death row inmates compared to 113 who are Black. Florida primary execution method is lethal injection. He is also. Female Criminals, Murderers, Rapists, Kidnappers and Thieves A - Z Mafia Mug Shots The Theresa Andrews Case The Crimes of Nate Kibby The Jennifer Hudson Family Murders Famous Criminals' Last Words The Murder of Micaela Costanzo Profile of Death Row Inmate Brenda Andrew Susan Atkins aka Sadie Mae Glutz Robert Berdella 2023 FOX Television Stations, until SUN 4:00 AM EST, Coastal Volusia County. In a series of killings spanning between 1972 and 1983, the majority of his crimes were committed in California. Ford was arrested after he walked into the. He was convicted of the 1990 murder ofFaye Lamb Vannin a Tallahassee mall parking lot after escaping from prison. As of April1, 2022[update], there were 2,414 death row inmates in the United States. Nationally, at the end of 2020, prisoners had spent an average of 19.4 years on death row. Shot his wife and his two stepchildren dead. Murdered three men during an attempted robbery of an automobile body shop. Scheduled to be executed on January 7, 2026. However, after the Furman decision, the Florida Legislature revised the death penalty statutes in case the Court reinstated capital punishment in the future. Photos and SOP for death row inmates. They also shot Tiede's husband, who survived, and attempted to set him on fire. Raped and strangled at least seven women between 1986 and 1993. Eduardo Navarro, an accomplice, was 15 at the time of the crimes but was, Robbed and murdered his elderly neighbors in, Murdered his ex-wife's sister, her husband and four of their children in. FOX 35 Orlando Nearly 300 people have been sentenced and put to death in Florida over the last nine decades. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Aileen Wuornos, 2002. Murdered at least two women between 2001 and 2005. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. As of April 1, 2022, there were 2,414 death row inmates in the United States. Only woman on Idaho's death row; housed at the. The three-year lapse is the longest in 39 years, according to Florida Politics. Thompson alleges that his death penalty conviction is unjust, stating he acted in. Two women have been executed in Florida since 1979: Judy Buenoano, 54, by electrocution on March 30, 1998, for poisoning her husband, James Goodyear, with arsenic in 1971. * Change of venue from Columbia County, where crime was committed. FLORIDA COP KILLER ON DEATH ROW EATS LAST MEAL BEFORE EXECUTION Florida Department of Corrections Donald Dillbeck, 59, will be executed at 6 p.m. local time in Florida. There are 17 inmates on death row from Okaloosa, Santa Rosa and Walton counties, and none of them is currently scheduled for execution. Murder of his father-in-law and mother-in-law. Murdered 29-year-old Raul Flores and his 9-year-old daughter, Brisenia, in, On May 30, 2009, Forde was active in the Minuteman movement, a grassroots anti-. Florida has 340 people on death row - the second highest in the country. There are 52 inmates on Floridas death row who were convicted of murders they committed in South Florida. In the ensuing years, Florida has killed 97 men and two women. Also serving six life sentences for the same murders, and a seventh for a third murder committed in 1987. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Eight are from Palm Beach, 21 from Broward, and 23 from Miami-Dade counties. An investigation found the electric chair had functioned properly and the Florida Supreme Court upheld its use. The other victims included David Jarman, 39, of Wheaton, Maryland; Milton Bradley, 72, of Savannah, Georgia; Alverson Carter Jr., 47, of Atlanta; Albert Alcie Morris, 37, of Hilliard; and Hinton of Jacksonville, the Daytona Beach News-Journal reported. A full list is externally linked: Capital punishment exists as a punishment in American Samoa, an unincorporated territory of the United States, but does not have a prescribed method of execution. Due to the high number of federal death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. The crime was in response to learning his wife was planning to leave him. Florida has not had an execution since 2019, when Gov. He is suspected of having raped and murdered 51 other boys and young men. Later they kidnapped their two daughters. Robbie will be missed. A full list is externally linked: Owing to the high number of Pennsylvania death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. Additional information can be found in DC policy (FAC 33.104.203). The Collier County man was convicted of stabbing his wife and five children to death in 2009. Rogers was also sentenced to death in California for the murder of Sandra Gallagher, and is, Serrano is the oldest death row inmate in, Kidnapped, raped, and murdered 8-year-old, Victorino and accomplice Jerone Hunter were both sentenced to death for the crime. Shot her ex-husband in order to collect his life insurance. He has also been linked to a third murder, for which he has never been charged. Walden is also serving five life terms for another murder and four rapes, all committed within the Tucson area from 1989 to 1991. Florida Death Row for men is located at the t Florida State Prison in Raiford, FL, and Union Correctional Institution in Raiford, FL. Death Row inmates can be distinguished from other inmates by their orange t-shirts. Killed a female friend, her two daughters, and an elderly couple who he was friends with in June 2017. Eight are from Palm Beach, 21 from Broward, and 23 from Miami-Dade counties. Required fields are marked *. Florida's first known execution happened in 1927 when Frank Johnson was executed in Duval County for murder, according to Florida Department of Correction's website. Quadruple murder of Eunice Zeigler, Perry and Virginia Edwards, and Charlie Mays. Murdered three women and girls from 1992 to 1993. Initially sentenced to death for three murders, but the death sentences for the first two murders were later changed to life sentences. Twenty-three states have abolished capital punishment. The scope of Cruzs murderous rampage far eclipses those of any other inmate who has been executed or any of the 302 men and women who are currently on death row at three Florida prisons. Murdered three teenagers, including his half-sister, during a two-week killing spree in May 1984. A full list is externally linked: Due to the high number of California death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. Additionally suspected of a murder in 1994, but never charged. The longest-serving death row . There are 52 inmates on Florida's death row who were convicted of murders they committed in South Florida. Willie Clay was executed on December 29, 1941 and James Davis was executed on October 9, 1944. He is a suspect in at least ten other homicides, rapes and disappearances. Smith was scheduled to be executed on April 21, 2022. At closing on the day of his firing, Holmes waited in the parking lot with Michael Vance. He used his last words to proclaim he was innocent of. Two separate double murders in March 2008 and May 2013. Donald Dillbeck, 59, was . news & media. He also raped and violently assaulted Ling's daughter, who survived the attack. Alfaro was the first woman sentenced to death by. When the . Cassidy Stay was the lone survivor. No executions have been imposed or performed since the territory gained self-governance in 1949; the last executions occurred in the late 1930s, when the island was under the control of the United States Navy.[17]. Morbid milestone: Florida reaches 100 executions with lethal injection death of Donald Dillbeck There are currently 298 people on Florida's Death Row: 11 of them are connected to Volusia. They wear orange t-shirts. Three other children were found seriously injured at the house. Fatally shot his brother, his future brother-in-law, and two of his brother's friends. In October 2017, he appealed death sentence with arguments whether he is, He sued the Kentucky State Department of Corrections on the grounds that execution by lethal injection using the cocktail prescribed by Kentucky law constitutes, Kidnapped, robbed and shot two 17-year-old. Comparatively, 50.8% of the U.S. population is female, and 49.2% is male (USCB 2018). Florida's distinction as having the second-largest death row in the nation is somewhat misleading. Rape and stabbing of a 15-year-old girl in her home. 1996 rape and murder of Carrie Williams in, In 2005, he admitted responsibility for five additional homicides across the river, at trial in. As Florida's largest state agency, and the third largest state prison system in the country, FDC employs 24,000 members, incarcerates 80,000 inmates and supervises nearly 146,000 offenders in the community. Crimes committed in these states are still eligible for the death penalty if they are convicted in federal court for certain federal crimes. In January 2000, the Florida Legislature passed legislation that allows lethal injection as an alternative method of execution in Florida. man executed for killing deputy, two others", "Pace of Missouri executions is expected to slow sharply", "Richard Emery formally sentenced to death by St. Charles judge", "Trail sentenced to die for killing Sydney Loofe; becomes 12th inmate on Nebraska's death row", "NEBRASKA INMATES SENTENCED TO DEATH (ISDP)", "Gov. Murdered two women and a 15-year-old girl, who had been kidnapped and raped. After killing White, they burglarized her home, then placed her body in the trunk of her own car. Tortured and killed Irene 'Melanie' Louise in 1988. Originally sentenced to death for the murder of Harvey Horne II in 1996, the. Rape and murder of his ex-girlfriend's mother, 49-year-old Claudia Benn, at her home on July 9, 1998. Comparatively, 12.19% of U.S. adults have less than a high school diploma or GED. inmates recount their crimes and reflect on how their actions destroyed lives including their own. Murder by arson of her husband and their two children in February 1992. Some prisoners have offenses that date as far back as the 1970s. Florida Death Row for men is located at the tFlorida State PrisoninRaiford, FL, andUnion Correctional InstitutioninRaiford, FL. Among Florida's 380 Death Row inmates, many are guilty of ghastly killings. Rape and murder of two women on September 24, 2000, and one in 2003. The full list is externally linked: Scheduled to be executed on April 5, 2023. Three of them were executed in the 1940s. We use cookies on our website to give you the most relevant experience by remembering your preferences and repeat visits. Raped and murdered five women in their homes. inmate search victim services. They are checked once every hour and handcuffed any time they are allowed to leave their cells. As a result, the death sentences of 95 men and one woman on Florida's Death Row were commuted to life in prison. Whitis was a family friend who had come to his. Murdered his parents, two of his cousins, and his 2-year-old nephew. In December 2014, Wardrip's appeal was dismissed by the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals. Two of the men Jason Galehouse and Michael Waccholtz would Read More Woods had only taken one bite when corrections officers escorted him into the execution . A DeSantis spokesperson told the online news service that comparisons to the governor's predecessors were inappropriate because they didn't have to deal with a global pandemic., Your email address will not be published. She along with Quinton Allen, her nephew, are accused of beating and strangling . Kirkland previously served sixteen years for the beating, choking and burning murder of his girlfriend. Following the murders, he fled the state, leaving behind a list of five other intended targets, including. Florida Department of Correction's website, Broadway in Orlando: Dr. Phillips Center announces lineup for next season, FHP: US-192 shut down after 3 killed in crash in Osceola County, Matanzas High teen accused of beating teacher's aide over Nintendo Switch pleads not guilty, These dogs and cats are up for adoption in Central Florida, Monster Jam, Orlando City soccer, Blake Shelton: Orlando preparing for big crowds this weekend, This Florida gem is the state's oldest restaurant -- and it takes up an entire city block, Matanzas High teacher's aide allegedly attacked by student says 'I never took the Nintendo Switch from him', Bald eagle tangled in tree branches rescued by linemen, 88th annual Strawberry Festival underway in Plant City, Florida Strawberry Festival 2023: Tickets, concert lineup, and new sweet treats to try. Aileen Wuornos, 46, by lethal injection on Oct. 9, 2002, for the deaths of six men along Central Florida highways in 1989 and 1990. State law allows for his or her identity to remain anonymous. The first meal is served at 5 a.m., the second meal from 10:30 a.m. to 11 a.m., and the third meal from 4 p.m. to 4:30 p.m. Food is . Nikolas Cruz sentencing trial: Principal regrets not warning Stoneman Douglas about gunman, 6 minutes of terror: New revelations rise as Parkland survivors recount Nikolas Cruz attack, Duane Owen murders babysitter Karen Slattery, 14, andmom, 38, as children slept, Your California Privacy Rights / Privacy Policy, Serial killer Ted Bundy confessed to killing 30 women, 3 women on death row are held at theLowell Annexin Lowell, north of Ocala, Allen Lee Davis was the last person to die by electrocution in Florida. Of those currently on death row, none has been convicted of killing more than six people. Death Row inmates are served meals three times a day: at 5:00 am, from 10:30 am to 11:00 am and from 4:00 pm to 4:30 pm. Inmates may receive mail every day except holidays and weekends. Cruz sentenced to life in prison:Victims' families, politicians condemn life sentence verdict by Nikolas Cruz jury, Parkland families angry with verdict:'I'm disgusted': Victims' families angry after Parkland shooter sentenced to life in prison, Troy Victorino and Jerome Hunter were convicted for their roles in what is known as the Xbox Murders or the Deltona Massacre.. Roberts is the only woman on Ohio's death row. [3], Comparatively, it is estimated that 4.2% of American adults have a serious mental illness.[5]. Florida has hundreds of inmates on its death row and is among the states most persistent with capital punishment. Abduction, rape, and murder of 19-year-old Stacie Stites. He was given six death sentences for each murder. Murder of Miki Martinez and Darren Wormkey in February 2004. Middlebrooks was scheduled to be executed on December 8, 2022. Her life inspired the movie "Monster," which starred Charlize Theron, according to Police1. Carpenter is known as the Trailside Killer. Also sentenced in Ohio for murdering his girlfriend. The previous chair was made by inmates from oak in 1923 after the Florida Legislature designated electrocution as the official mode of execution. Death Row inmates younger than 16 at the time of their offense were adjudicated as adults in court proceedings. Raped, stabbed, strangled and/or mutilated at least twelve sex workers between 1986 and 1991. Williams's wife and accomplice, Kimberly Irene Williams, was tried separately, and sentenced to 40 years in prison. Before execution, an inmate can request a local last meal not to exceed $40. These cookies do not store any personal information. Strangled two people in September 2010 in Houston, during separate incidents. Contact your supervising officer if you were scheduled to report or you have any questions. Shawna Forde, 43, was found guilty of the murder and invasion of the home of Raul Flores, 29, and his daughter, nine-year old, Brisenia. Lovell was originally sentenced to death for Yost's murder in 1993, but on appeal was allowed to withdraw his guilty plea and was granted a new trial. But a group of former Florida Supreme Court justices, elected officials . Florida's first known execution happened in 1927 when Frank Johnson was executed. There are no juveniles on Death Row. The weapons used were a paring knife, a butcher knife, a grapefruit knife, and a fork. Hewanted revenge and to retrieve the Xbox he had left behind. Nelson Serrano - DOB 9/15/38, sentenced from Polk County. "I'm invoking my right of free will to choose execution by electrocution due to confliction (sic) surrounding executions through lethal injection," he explained in a handwritten affidavit. Kidnapped, raped and stabbed 21-year-old Dawnia Dacosta with a screwdriver. Benson is serving 135 years imprisonment for two unrelated sexual assaults, and police believe he might be responsible for further crimes. The body of a different man was also found on McKnight's property in 2000. A private investigator said Doty's death wish was fueled by his prison experience. A full list is externally linked: Due to the high number of Kentucky death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. Kidnappings, rapes and murders of Harriet Simmons and Betty McConnell, committed four months apart in 1979. was to break into a home after dark, rape and kill the old woman living there, then rob the home and flee before police arrived. Aileen Wuornos, 46, by. Rape and bludgeoning of Christine Whitis. Kidnapped and murdered a 6-year-old girl. Strangled 8-year-old Toni Neuner and raped her corpse, and repeatedly stabbed her grandmother, Betty Dick. Florida. Holmes and Vance attacked Foshee and two managers as they exited the building, stabbing them multiple times, and stealing the bank deposit money. There were no executions in the United States between 1967 and 1977. As of 2020, the average age of death row inmates nationally was 52 years . Crime: Murdered seven men, which she claimed was in self-defense. Roy L. Ellis ROY L. ELLIS Crime: the 2005. Florida State Prison also has Death Watch cells to incarcerate inmates awaiting execution after the Governor signs a death warrant for them. Two flares were found near the boy's body. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. The crimes were committed while he was on. The Florida Death Row for women is located at the Lowell Annex in Lowell FL. When it comes to security, death row inmates are counted at least once an hour. Murdered an 18-year-old girl in Kansas City in 1983. Though 12 percent of the state's residents are black, 46 percent of death row inmates are. Last words:Donald Dillbeck was executed by Florida. Stabbed and shot elderly woman Eva Olesen during a burglary of her. 1.6% of death row prisoners since 1972 have been formally exonerated and released. . A full list is externally linked: Due to the high number of Oklahoma death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. He attempted to kill Joseph and Mary Rector on December 20, 1989, the same day of the murder of the Sturmfels. The victim's 14-year-old sister was sleeping upstairs when she heard the screams of her sister. They may have snacks, radios and 13" televisions in their cells. In 2000, The Palm Beach Post estimated Florida was spending $51 million a year more on enforcing the death penalty compared withthe costs of housing all first-degree murderers serving life sentences. Killed four people between July and August 2002. Ironically, lawsuits that were filed questioning the constitutionality of Florida's death penalty system, not lethal injection, halted Doty's execution. But the last execution in California occurred in 2006, and Gov. Extravagance is now also frowned upon and meals may. He also shot and paralyzed Gobert's girlfriend during the altercation. A Florida judge green-lit the DNA testing of decades-old evidence that could absolve a death row inmate of the 1970's quadruple murder of his wife, her parents and a third man. Robbed and killed at least four elderly women between 1988 and 1989. He was given an additional life sentence for killing the unborn child of one of the victims, Murdered and dismembered Hungarian couple, Frank Griga and his girlfriend Krisztina Furton, during an. Prosecutors said the victims were killed regardless of whether the ransoms were paid. Abducted, raped, and killed four women between 1999 and 2000. Shot and killed seven people and wounded four others. Kate Brown commutes sentences of all 17 people on Oregon's death row", "South Carolina Department of Corrections Death Row List", "TN Supreme Court Upholds Death Sentence For Florida Man Convicted In Slaying of Bartlett Couple", "Family of Darlie Routier believes that DNA could prove her innocence", "Camm working with nonprofit advocating for inmates", "Utah State Prison Death Sentence Inmates", "Utah Firing Squad Executes Convicted Killer", "Douglas Lovell sentenced to death for 2nd time for 1985 murder", List of death row inmates by state and country, FindLaw documentation of Nathan Dunlap's appeal to the Supreme Court of Colorado, White defendants executed for killing a black victim, National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty, Supreme Court decisions on capital punishment,, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from April 2022, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from January 2022, Articles containing potentially dated statements from June 2022, Articles containing potentially dated statements from November 2022, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from November 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from May 2022, Articles containing potentially dated statements from January 2023, Articles containing potentially dated statements from December 2022, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2008, Articles containing potentially dated statements from September 2021, Articles containing potentially dated statements from February 2023, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0, Avila-Torrez was later linked to the murders of two girls in his hometown of, Kidnapping and murder of 19-year-old Rachel Timmerman of, Gabrion had previously raped Timmerman on August 7, 1996, and two days before the trial she went missing. At 24, Cruzalso would have been, by far, the youngest inmate on Floridas death row, the second largest in the nation. The Classification Officer responsible for the inmate at the inmate's assigned facility can answer all questions regarding an inmate's visiting days, visiting hours, and special visits. Death row inmate Donald Dillbeck used his last words before his execution on Thursday night to trash Florida Governor Ron DeSantis. They can watch church services on closed-circuit television. Michael Bargo - DOB 4/29/1992, sentenced from Marion County. A Death Watch cell is 12x7x8.5 feet high. Carr is the youngest woman in the United States sitting on death row, and Cole is the third youngest. Djerf and Albert Luna Jr. met and became friends while working at a Safeway supermarket. He was again convicted of the murder and sentenced to death in 2015. On Thursday, a Florida judge said she was going to let him. document.getElementById("ak_js_1").setAttribute("value",(new Date()).getTime()); Copyright 2023 My Crime Library | Powered by Astra WordPress Theme. Commissioning the murder of Barry Van Treese. Murdered his fourth wife in 1980 after being paroled for the 1975 killing of his second wife. Killed his estranged wife Judy Robird Smith and her two sons, Chad and Jason Burnett. The women on Death Row are housed at Lowell Annex in Lowell, FL. The two girls were also sexually assaulted. Djerf told police he suspected Luna, but they took no action. Death Row -- Florida Department of Corrections 1976- Present Execution List: 1976 - present This is a complete list of all inmates executed in Florida since the reinstatement of the Death Penalty in 1976, sorted by date of execution. Carlton Francis stabbed to death 66-year-old twin sisters, Bernice Flegel and Claire Brunt, at their West Palm Beach home on July 24, 1997. Margaret Allen - She was sentenced to death on May 19, 2011, after being convicted in the kidnappings and death of her housekeeper, friend, and neighbor, Wenda Wright, in Brevard County in 2005. news & media home press releases photo archive newsletters. Photo by Richard Dieter. Time on death row: 27 years Between 1972 and 1983 Randy Steven Kraft committed the rape, torture and murder of at least 16 young men between the ages of 13 and 35 in California. Edward Powell - sentenced from Duval County, executed 12/29/41. This is a complete list of all inmates executed in Florida since the reinstatement of the Death Penalty in 1976, sorted by date of execution. The death penalty was suspended in Florida in 1964 while the U.S. Supreme Court debated its constitutionality. Burglarized several homes and murdered six women, one of whom he raped. Racially motived murders of three white men in March 2000. Murder during the commission of a robbery. Her 3-day-old son was rescued from a car parked nearby. He told police he did it because Caleb was misbehaving on the night before the fire. Hinton was one of six men killed by Bowles during an eight-month period in1994 that began March 14, with the death of John Hardy Roberts, 59, in Daytona Beach. Murdered the man he suspected of raping his girlfriend's daughter. gavin newsom signed an executive order to impose a moratorium on the death penalty in california. Scheduled to be executed on March 9, 2023. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Shamaiya HallMurders 3 Children In Texas, Mayor Patrick Wojahn Charged With Child Porn, Teen Xavier Lewis Guilty Of Tiana Richardson Murder, Deshawn Thomas Executes Homeless Man In St Louis, Sheborah Thomas Gets 40 Years For Killing 2 Kids, Antonio Barbeau and Nathan Paape Teen Killers, Paris Bennett Teen Killer Murders Little Sister, Dylan Schumaker Teen Killer Murders 23 Month Boy, China Arnold Murdered Her Child In A Microwave, Kids Behind Bars: Life or Parole 2023 Update, Lacy Aaron Schmidt Teen Killer Murders Ex Girlfriend, James Parker And Robert Tulloch Teen Killers, Bobby Gonzales Teen Killer Murders Girlfriends Mother. His nose bled severely and he suffered burns to his head, leg and groin, prompting critics to claim it was the state's second botched execution in two years and the third since 1990. All inmate visitors must be approved before visitation is allowed. Gordon's accomplice, fellow sex offender Franc Cano, pleaded guilty to four murders and was sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole. Wood is also a suspect in the disappearances of three other young girls and women. Rape and murder of 47-year-old Jessica Jean Fortney. Victorino blamed one of the victims for having him evicted from a vacant house. Shot high school music teacher Mark Schwebes. Rape, torture, mutilation and murder of a minimum of sixteen young men. Brown's accomplice, Marion Dudley, was executed for his role in the crime in 2006. Racially motivated crime spree in April 2000, in. Kidnapped and helped bury elderly couple Carol and James "Reggie" Sumner (Her former neighbors in South Carolina) alive. Murdered two people in separate burglaries. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. [2] Due to this fluctuation as well as lag and inconsistencies in inmate reporting procedures across jurisdictions, the information in this article may present inaccuracies. For more information, call the Office of Communications at (850) 488-0420 or send us an email. Their pants are the same blue-colored pants worn by regular inmates. Two of Cole's companions, Michael James Jackson and Alan Wade, were also sentenced to death. For the first time in nearly four years, Florida executed a man Thursday for a carjacking that led to the brutal murder of a woman more than three decades ago. Shooting of Kay Tiede and her mother Beth Potts near Beaver Springs. The killings were committed less than a month after being paroled from a. Raped and murdered six to seven sex workers between 1986 and 1987. Contact her at For more information on the inmates on Florida's Death Row, go to our Death Row List or our Execution List.
Ultimate Marvel Character Quiz, Council Houses To Rent In Colne, Topher Grace Venom Return, What Is A Blue And White Helicopter Used For, Articles F